The Glazebrook Growers have been taking a break from organising workshops while we build raised beds and daydream about sheds. However! Capital Growth’s Training Calendar is hot off the press with all sorts of sessions between now and October. Scroll on for full details…
CAPITAL GROWTH is a fantastic organisation that supports food growing in London, connecting thousands of food growing spaces around the city. It supported the Glazebrook Growers in our early days through their ‘Growing Leaders’ programme, and they also run one-off workshops open to all.
IF YOU GROW with a community project signed up with Capital Growth (membership is free), quote the name and number of the space to get discounts on workshops. See below for a list of workshops, costs and a map of venues. (Or go to http://www.capitalgrowth.org/ if you’re not so much into the wobbly phone pics.)
The dodgy-backed crew with two new raised beds for the Garden, built using the bespoke Glazebrook design for maximum friendliness & tea
LAST YEAR we assembled 30 people to build and fill seven raised beds for the brand new Kitchen Garden on Croxted Road Estate. This year, with two new beds to build, and a lot of garden to maintain, there was an outbreak of injuries and paid employment among the Glazebrook Growers, and we were thinner on the ground. Could our creaky-backed carpenters and hobbling gardeners make it happen?
OH YES we could. Scroll on to see how.
Harry & Paul enjoy their lawn edgers
High on community spirit and prescription painkillers, Harry and Paul get off to a cheery start…
Carl Andre eat your heart out
…and create some very stylish foundations.
Meanwhile, and not to be outdone, Ali redesigns our (somewhat trampled) wildflower beds…
…with a turf crossing point, making two separate wildflower areas.
The raised beds progress…
…with the aid of an ingenious system of slings, rollers and ramps.
Gina invents some impressive moves with the wheelbarrow while shifting a good half tonne of topsoil.
All our timbers were cut to size by hand this time. Paul does most of the cutting, but Zoë proves more skilful at hogging the camera.
By the end of the day our carpenters need emergency transfusions (of Doombar and Peroni).
PHEW it’s hot. Paul Richens, Gardens Manager at the Skip Garden in Kings Cross, shares some topical thoughts on how to get watering right.
WHAT IS IT about watering plants that people find so difficult? We often see two extremes: houseplants overwatered and drowned – troughs and outside pots not watered at all.
Is it because people don’t understand why plants need water? Let’s briefly look at how plants use water.
Actually, all living things need water because life requires a lot of chemical reactions to take place; for these to happen the chemicals must usually be dissolved in water.
Plants mix water together with carbon dioxide to make sugar. This takes energy, which plants get from sunlight; a process called photosynthesis. Water also helps plants stand up straight, even when they aren’t made of wood. They don’t have bones, but they do have cell walls and water pressure. A mature houseplant can transpire its body weight daily. This means it gives off a lot of water! If people needed that much water, an adult would drink 20 gallons of water a day.
Watering practice. We’ve always preferred that our skips and plant containers in the Skip Garden be watered using watering cans rather than hoses – it’s very hard to judge exactly how much water your hose has given, whereas you know exactly how much you’ve used with a watering can – but using a hose is quicker. So just take your time and really soak the soil.
The Skip gardening team joke that there are three recognisable stages of water stress:
1./ Drysoil – soil dry to touch, plants seem unchanged. Action: Water
2./ Flagging – leaves become soft and droopy. Action: Water
3./ Crispy – leaves and stems completely dry and shrivelled. Action: Compost
Rainwater is best. London tap water is okay, but is alkaline with a pH of 8 to 8.5. Rainwater has a pH of 6.5, which suits plants better; but don’t let that stop you using tap water if necessary.
You’ll find more info on the Skip Garden here, and on Paul here.
ON 22ND APRIL, the Glazebrook Growers tapped into Capital Growth’s Big Dig day, Kew Gardens’ Grow Wild initiative, and the support of our Tenants & Residents Association to get together and plant up our new Pleasure Garden. Anne Cleary reports.
FIFTEEN ADULTS and lots of children turned up to make a wonderful Big Dig Saturday in the Croxted Road Pleasure Garden. The sun even came out! Sam, Paul and I erected the big gazebo which was fun, and under it Gina organised all the hospitality, with sandwiches, cakes, crisps, drinks and a homemade cake from Georgina.
Sam and Paul did a lot of the digging, but the women were magnificent too: Madeleine proved to be a very strong digger, as did our Grow Wild mentor, Jess. We created a large, curvy bed for the wildflowers, which Jess then taught us how to scatter correctly.
Madeleine did much of the digging for a Tunnel of Beans with Harry, and new Grower Paul then assisted Harry in erecting the canes for the runner beans to climb up. Gina started planting up our new Hotbed of Flowers with young plants raised from seed on the estate, and Zoë oversaw everything, giving advice and instruction as needed.
Theresa at the potting table
Ali drew on her gardening experience to lead the group potting on flower seedlings, showing Theresa, Charlotte and some of the children how it’s done. Sarah from Capital Growth had dropped by to see how we were doing, and also lent a hand. The children were magnificent, enthusiastic, willing to help with everything and to take instructions from the grown ups. As you can see from the photographs they were involved in every task and didn’t flag. I was very impressed.
It was a great day; I really enjoyed being out in the fresh air and having fun, doing something positive with my neighbours.
Oli and Adi report back on Paul Richens’ latest session
OLI: I had never considered plants to be remotely similar to humans. Perhaps that explained the sorry state of my houseplants – a Money Tree, and a Dragon Tree – that had withered in dark corners of my room for many months. But, on leaving Paul Richens’ workshop in March, I couldn’t help but think: plants are closer cousins to humans than I had ever imagined.
As Paul explained with characteristic vigour, plants sense the world in a manner not so dissimilar to our own. Of our core faculties – sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste – each can be ‘experienced’ in some parallel way by plants.
Moreover plants each generate a slight electromagnetic field, as does our own nervous system, though their ‘brain’ might be considered to lie below ground – in the dense interactions between root chemistry and soil microbes. The leaves we see above ground are simply the plant’s food-factory set up to harness the sun’s energy.
That plants can hear might seem a little far-fetched. But as Paul revealed, great minds as far back as Darwin have hypothesised that plants can respond to sound. Many may be familiar with the (unproven) theory that classical music can make humans ‘smarter’ – but the fact that this too has been tested with plants was news to me.
If plants are indeed so similar to humans, it follows that they should be treated with similar care. And this meant drastic action was required for my long neglected houseplants. Pruning, positioning and watering all followed in quick succession, optimising the light, heat – and sound! – that they would experience. The results were clear: the plants have erupted into colours that weeks ago could not be conceived of.
So let me conclude by thanking Paul and with the key lesson of the day – treat your plants as you yourself would like to be treated!
ADI: THANKS to Zoe for arranging and Paul for presenting a fascinating talk on plants and how ‘perceptive’ they are.
I KNEW SOME of the more obvious ways in which plants protect themselves from predators: thorns on roses, poison in deadly nightshade berries, and of course the good old stinging nettle. I even knew, following a trip to Peru, about the Mimosa plant which has sensitive finger-like leaves which close up when touched to ‘appear dead,’ so Darwin believed, and less appetising to would-be predators.
BUT I HAD no idea about chemical signalling. Plants that are under attack, when set upon by a herd of hungry elephants, or subject to drought, can warn other nearby plants of the impending threat by releasing a chemical warning signal. This can kick start a defensive reaction in other plants – for instance to increase production of a bitter-tasting compound in their leaves to put off would-be attackers, or even to release a chemical of their own to attract their enemy’s predators.
NOT TO BE outdone, the crafty elephants have learned to eat the plants ‘upwind’, so that the airborne signals blow away from neighbouring plants, and the leaves remain sweet and edible.
Evolution never ceases to amaze me!
Where in the World is Your Plant From? Paul’s Tips on Making Your Plant at Home
OUR COMMON houseplants, from orchids to yuccas, come from very different environments around the world. Take advantage of the different conditions in your house to mimic the environmental origins of your plant.
ORCHIDS and SWISS CHEESE PLANTS originate in tropical rainforest, where there are low levels of sunlight under the forest canopy, and conditions are warm and humid – try your bathroom as the nearest equivalent.
YUCCAS are found across different different regions, but generally in arid conditions with plentiful sunlight, such as desert and grassland. Depending on the aspect of your house, your living room might be the best place (though we all know living rooms that are more like polar tundra…)
FERNS originate in forest and generally hate direct sunlight, so may be happiest in north-facing rooms, or at least away from sun and radiators.
DO a little research into your plants’ origins to decide what will be happiest where.
FINALLY: WATERING! The easiest way to know whether your plant needs watering is to touch the compost. Get into the habit of checking regularly. If it’s dry, water thoroughly, preferably with rainwater; if it’s wet, leave it alone. Roots need oxygen, so drowning is as bad as drought.
Paul Richens has provided moral and practical support to the Glazebrook Growers since the Kitchen Garden was just a twinkle in some of our eyes. Find out more about Paul and his gardening life athttp://bluedomesynergies.co.uk/
THIS MONTH we received a ‘grow your own’ edible grey oyster mushroom kit, sent by Lemos & Crane from the generous Kew Gardens. With a growing fascination for the world of fungi I was keen to see these wonders grow so eagerly put my hand up to be their caretaker. Over the next few weeks I’ll be sharing the progress of our Glazebrook mushrooms with you in a series of posts.
A FEW Fungus File Facts to shine a small light on fungi and why they are such incredibly fascinating beings:
it’s estimated there are more than 1.5million different species of fungi
fungus is the latin word for ‘mushroom’
fungi are more similar to the animal kingdom than the plant kingdom
you probably ingest them every day without realising as the yeast that makes bread is a kind of fungus & fungus is also used to make cheese
certain types of fungi act as networks below the ground connecting individual plants and trees together and helping them share water, carbon, nitrogen, other nutrients and minerals
they’ll eat almost anything that once was alive and are considered the ‘planet’s clean up crew’
many species have invaluable medicinal potential for us humans
Fungus Files: Part One
The process of setting up the mushroom farm started off with putting 2 kettles full of hot water over the bag of straw provided and then leaving it tied off for the night to cool. After many incidents of burning my hands I’d suggest this is a two-person job in future!
The following morning, 20th March – suitably, the Spring Equinox – I drained all the water off the straw and mixed in the packet of fungal mycelium, shaking it through the straw to ensure even distribution.
The beautiful warm nourishing smell of the soaked straw made me envious of their new home. As I believe all plants, fungi, trees, animals are able to sense our intention and emotions I made sure I sang a joyful song to the mycelium as they settled into their new straw home…
They now sit on my kitchen counter and each morning I peer in eager to see their transformation. Kew recommends weekly check ups so perhaps I’m being a little over eager. To be continued!
Here’s what we’ve got coming up. We welcome visitors from outside the estate to our workshops – just come along, or drop a line to firstname.lastname@example.org if you have questions. The TRA Hall is the little building by the children’s playground in the middle of the estate.